Ge Bai

Ge Bai, PhD, CPA

Professor of Practice
Academic AreaAccounting
Academic AreaHealth
Areas of InterestHealth care pricing, policy, and management

Ge Bai, PhD, CPA is a Professor of Accounting at Johns Hopkins Carey Business School and Professor of Health Policy & Management (joint) at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. An expert on health care accounting, finance, and policy, Dr. Bai has testified before House Ways and Means Committee, written for the Wall Street Journal, and published her studies in leading academic journals such as the New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, JAMA Internal Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, Health Affairs, and Radiology. Her work has been widely featured in the media, including the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, and the Washington Post, and used in government regulations and congressional testimonies. Dr. Bai has received the Johns Hopkins Alumni Association’s Excellence in Teaching Award. She is currently a visiting scholar at the Health Analysis Division of the Congressional Budget Office.


  • Ph. D, Accounting, Michigan State University
  • MS, Accounting, Eastern Michigan University
  • BA, Japanese Literature, Dalian University of Technology
  • BA, Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology


Selected publications

  • Commercial Negotiated Prices for CMS-specified Shoppable Radiology Services in U.S. Hospitals, with John Jiang and Marty Makary, 2022, Radiology, 302(3), 622-624.
  • Analysis Suggests Government and Nonprofit Hospitals’ Charity Care Is Not Aligned with Their Favorable Tax Treatment, with Hossein Zare, Matthew Eisenberg, Daniel Polsky, and Gerard Anderson, 2021, Health Affairs, 40(4), 629-636.
  • Varying Trends in the Financial Viability of Rural Hospitals in the US, 2011-2017, with Farah Yehia and Gerard Anderson, 2020, Health Affairs, 39(6), 942-948.
  • Financial Eligibility Criteria and Medication Coverage for Independent Charity Patient Assistance Programs, with SoYeon Kang, Aditi Sen, and Gerard Anderson, 2019, JAMA, 322(5), 422-429.
  • Air ambulance with sky high charges, with Arjun Chanmugam, Valerie Suslow, and Gerard Anderson, 2019, Health Affairs, 38(7), 1195-1200.
  • Favorable Formulary Placement of Branded Drugs in Medicare Prescription Drug Plans When Generics Are Available, with Mariana Social and Gerard Anderson, 2019, JAMA Internal Medicine, 179(6), 832-833.
  • Consumer Responses to Price Disclosure in Direct-to-Consumer Pharmaceutical Advertising, with Jace Garrett, William Tayler, Mariana Social, Antonio Trujillo, and Gerard Anderson, 2019, JAMA Internal Medicine, 179(3), 435-437.
  • Evaluation of Causes of Protected Health Information Breaches, with John Jiang, 2019, JAMA Internal Medicine, 179(2), 265-267.
  • Addressing Generic-Drug Market Failures—The Case for Establishing a Nonprofit Manufacturer, with Dan Liljenquist and Gerard Anderson, 2018. The New England Journal of Medicine, 378(20), 1857-1859.



  • Accounting Foundations
  • Advanced Financial Accounting
  • Capital Budgeting
  • Financial Accounting and Reporting
  • Health Care Consulting Practicum

Honors and distinctions

  • The Johns Hopkins Alumni Association’s Excellence in Teaching Award. 2021.
  • The Hopkins Business of Health Initiative Seed Grant Award. 2020.
  • Johns Hopkins Carey Business School Dean’s Awards. 2017-Present.
  • Johns Hopkins Carey Business School Supplemental Research Support Award. 2017-Present.
  • Johns Hopkins Carey Business School Black & Decker Research Fund. 2017-2018.
  • Institute of Management Accountants Research Foundation Emerging Scholar Award, 2014
  • Journal of Management Accounting Research Best Paper Award, 2014
  • Institute of Management Accountants Research Foundation Grant, 2013
  • American Accounting Association/Grant Thornton Doctoral Dissertation Award, 2011

Impact and engagement


  • More Cures for More Patients: Overcoming Pharmaceutical Barriers. House Committee on Ways and Means Subcommittee on Health, February 5, 2020.
  • Health Care Costs: Options for State Policymakers, with Matthew Eisenberg, Utah House of Representative and State Senate. August 22, 2019.