• to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
  • to use (another's production) without crediting the source
  • to commit literary theft
  • to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
  • dual submission of an assignment

In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.



  • use of material produced by another person without acknowledging its source
  • submission of the same or substantially similar work of another person (e.g., an author, a classmate, etc.) without proper attribution and citation
  • use of the results of another individual's work (e.g., another individual's paper, examination, homework, computer code, lab report, etc.) while representing it as your own
  • improper documentation/acknowledgement of quotations, words, ideas, views, or paraphrased passages taken from published or unpublished sources
  • wholesale copying of passages from works of others into your homework, essay, term paper, or dissertation without acknowledgment
  • paraphrasing of another person’s characteristic or original phraseology, metaphor, or other literary devices without acknowledgment





Cheating refers to any activity that gives a student an unfair academic advantage. It includes, but is not limited to, using unauthorized materials to complete an assignment; copying the work of another student, or representing another's work as one's own work; falsifying one's identity by having another person take an exam; unauthorized providing of materials or information to others during assignments or examinations. All communications, written, oral or otherwise, among students during examinations, are forbidden, as is the use of notes, books, calculators or other written material except when approved by the instructor.



  • fraud, deceit, or dishonesty in an academic assignment, text, or examination
  • use or consultation of unauthorized or inappropriate materials (e.g., notes, books, etc.) on assignments, tests, or examinations
  • unauthorized discussion of a test or examination during its administration
  • copying content on an assignment, test, or examination from another individual
  • obtaining a test or examination or the answers to a test or examination before administration of the test or examination (e.g., either an electronic copy or hard copy)
  • studying from an old test or examination whose circulation is prohibited by the faculty member
  • use or consultation of unauthorized electronic devices or software (e.g., calculators, cellular phones, computers, tablets, etc.) in connection with assignments, tests, or examinations
  • use of paper writing services or paper databases
  • unauthorized collaboration with another individual on assignments, tests, or examinations
  • submission of an assignment, test, or examination for a re-grade after modifying the original content submitted
  • permitting another individual to contribute to or complete an assignment, or to contribute to or take a test or examination on the student's behalf
  • unauthorized submission of the same or substantially similar work, assignment, test, or examination (e.g., a paper, etc.) to fulfill the requirements of more than one course or different requirements within the same course
  • tampering with, disabling, or damaging equipment for testing or evaluation


In addition, THE FOLLOWING ARE also CONSIDERED violations of the Academic Ethics Policy:

Facilitating Academic Dishonesty.

  • intentionally or knowingly aiding another student to commit an academic ethics violation
  • allowing another student to copy from one's own assignment, test, or examination
  • making available copies of course materials whose circulation is prohibited (e.g., old assignments, case studies, or examinations, etc.)
  • completing an assignment or taking a test or examination for another student
  • sharing paper mill/answer bank websites or information with other students
  • any improper use of intellectual property (including unauthorized class recordings)

Unfair Competition.

  • intentionally damaging the academic efforts of another student
  • stealing another student's academic materials (e.g., books, notes, assignments, etc.)
  • denying another student needed University resources (e.g., hiding library materials, stealing lab equipment, etc.)

Failing to Report Alleged Violation.

  • failing to report any known or suspected violation of the Academic Ethics Policy

Failing to Follow Applicable Policies, Procedures, Rules.

  • failing to follow applicable JHU, divisional/school, program, course, and/or faculty policies, procedures, and rules regarding academic ethics